studies the different living species in the world may observe
that there are some similar organs and features among these
species. The first person to draw materialistic conclusions
from this fact, which has attracted scientists' attention
since the eighteenth century, was Charles Darwin.
Darwin thought that creatures with similar (homologous)
organs had an evolutionary relationship with each other, and
that these organs must have been inherited from a common ancestor.
According to his assumption, both pigeons and eagles had wings;
therefore, pigeons, eagles and indeed all other birds with
wings were supposed to have evolved from a common ancestor.
Homology is a tautological argument, advanced
on the basis of no other evidence than an apparent physical
resemblance. This argument has never once been verified by
a single concrete discovery in all the years since Darwin's
day. Nowhere in the world has anyone come up with a fossil
remain of the imaginary common ancestor of creatures with
homologous structures. Furthermore, the following issues make
it clear that homology provides no evidence that evolution
1. One finds homologous organs in creatures belonging
to completely different phyla, among which evolutionists have
not been able to establish any sort of evolutionary relationship;
2. The genetic codes of some creatures that have
homologous organs are completely different from one another.
3. The embryological development of homologous
organs in different creatures is completely different.
Let us now examine each of these points one by