interesting and significant fact that nullifies the very basis
of the imaginary family tree of evolutionary theory is the
unexpectedly ancient history of modern man. Paleoanthropological
findings reveal that Homo sapiens people who looked exactly
like us were living as long as 1 million years ago.
A face bone discovered in Atapuerca
in Spain, showing that people with the same facial
structure as us were living 800,000 years ago.
It was Louis Leakey, the famous
evolutionary paleoanthropologist, who discovered the first
findings on this subject. In 1932, in the Kanjera region around
Lake Victoria in Kenya, Leakey found several fossils that
belonged to the Middle Pleistocene and that were no different
from modern man. However, the Middle Pleistocene was a million
years ago.217 Since these discoveries turned
the evolutionary family tree upside down, they were dismissed
by some evolutionary paleoanthropologists. Yet Leakey always
contended that his estimates were correct.
The skull reconstructed from the
Atapuerca fossil (above) bears an incredible
resemblance to that of modern man (above).
Just when this controversy was about to be forgotten,
a fossil unearthed in Spain in 1995 revealed in a very remarkable
way that the history of Homo sapiens was much older than had
been assumed. The fossil in question was uncovered in a cave
called Gran Dolina in the Atapuerca region of Spain
by three Spanish paleoanthropologists from the University
of Madrid. The fossil revealed the face of an 11-year-old
boy who looked entirely like modern man. Yet, it had been
800,000 years since the child died. Discover magazine
covered the story in great detail in its December 1997 issue.
This fossil even shook the convictions of Juan
Luis Arsuaga Ferreras, who lead the Gran Dolina excavation.
We expected something
big, something large, something inflated-you know, something
primitiveÖ Our expectation of an 800,000-year-old boy was
something like Turkana Boy. And what we found was a totally
modern face.... To me this is most spectacular-these are
the kinds of things that shake you. Finding something totally
unexpected like that. Not finding fossils; finding fossils
is unexpected too, and it's okay. But the most spectacular
thing is finding something you thought belonged to the present,
in the past. It's like finding something like-like a tape
recorder in Gran Dolina. That would be very surprising.
We don't expect cassettes and tape recorders in
the Lower Pleistocene. Finding a modern face 800,000 years
ago-it's the same thing. We were very surprised
when we saw it.218
The fossil highlighted the fact that the history
of Homo sapiens had to be extended back to 800,000 years ago.
After recovering from the initial shock, the evolutionists
who discovered the fossil decided that it belonged to a different
species, because according to the evolutionary family tree,
Homo sapiens did not live 800,000 years ago. Therefore,
they made up an imaginary species called Homo antecessor
and included the Atapuerca skull under this classification.
217 L. S. B. Leakey,
The Origin of Homo Sapiens, ed. F. Borde, UNESCO, Paris,
1972, pp. 25-29; L. S. B. Leakey, By the Evidence,
Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, New York, 1974.
218 Robert Kunzig, "The Face of An Ancestral
Child", Discover, December 1997, pp. 97, 100.