matter regarding the origin of plants which puts the theory
of evolution into a terrible quandary is the question of how
plant cells began to carry out photosynthesis.
Photosynthesis is one of the fundamental processes
of life on Earth. Thanks to the chloroplasts inside them,
plant cells produce starch by using water, carbon dioxide
and sunlight. Animals are unable to produce their own nutrients
and must use the starch from plants for food instead. For
this reason, photosynthesis is a basic condition for complex
life. An even more interesting side of the matter is the fact
that this complex process of photosynthesis has not yet been
fully understood. Modern technology has not yet been able
to reveal all of its details, let alone reproduce it.
Is it possible for such a complex process as
photosynthesis to be the product of natural processes, as
the theory of evolution holds?
According to the evolution scenario, in order
to carry out photosynthesis, plant cells swallowed bacterial
cells which could photosynthesize and turned them into chloroplasts.
So, how did bacteria learn to carry out such a complicated
process as photosynthesis? And why had they not begun to carry
out such a process before then? As with other questions, the
scenario has no scientific answer to give. Have a look at
how an evolutionist publication answers the question:
The heterotroph hypothesis
suggests that the earliest organisms were heterotrophs that
fed on a soup of organic molecules in the primitive ocean.
As these first heterotrophs consumed the available amino
acids, proteins, fats, and sugars, the nutrient soup became
depleted and could no longer support a growing population
of heterotrophs. ÖOrganisms that could use an alternate
source of energy would have had a great advantage. Consider
that Earth was (and continues to be) flooded with solar
energy that actually consists of different forms of radiation.
Ultraviolet radiation is destructive, but visible light
is energy-rich and undestructive. Thus, as organic compounds
became increasingly rare, an already-present ability to
use visible light as an alternate source of energy might
have enabled such organisms and their descendents to survive.337
The book Life on Earth, another evolutionist
source, tries to explain the emergence of photosynthesis:
The bacteria fed initially
on the various carbon compounds that had taken so many millions
of years to accumulate in the primordial seas. But as they
flourished, so this food must have become scarcer. Any bacterium
that could tap a different source of food would obviously
be very successful and eventually some did. Instead of taking
ready-made food from their surroundings, they began to manufacture
their own within their cell walls, drawing the necessary
energy from the sun.338
In short, evolutionist sources say that photosynthesis
was in some way coincidentally "discovered" by bacteria, even
though man, with all his technology and knowledge, has been
unable to do so. These accounts, which are no better than
fairy tales, have no scientific worth. Those who study the
subject in a bit more depth will accept that photosynthesis
is a major dilemma for evolution. Professor Ali Demirsoy makes
the following admission, for instance:
Photosynthesis is a
rather complicated event, and it seems impossible for it
to emerge in an organelle inside a cell (because it is impossible
for all the stages to have come about at once, and it is
meaningless for them to have emerged separately).339
Plant cells carry out a process
that no modern laboratory can duplicate-photosynthesis.
Thanks to the organelle called the "chloroplast"
in the plant cell, plants use water, carbon dioxide
and sunlight to create starch. This food product
is the first step in the earth's food chain, and
the source of food for all its inhabitants. The
details of this exceedingly complex process are
still not fully understood today.
The German biologist Hoimar von Ditfurth says
that photosynthesis is a process that cannot possibly be learned:
No cell possesses the
capacity to 'learn' a process in the true sense of the word.
It is impossible for any cell to come by the ability to
carry out such functions as respiration or photosynthesis,
neither when it first comes into being, nor later in life.340
Since photosynthesis cannot develop as the result
of chance, and cannot subsequently be learned by a cell, it
appears that the first plant cells that lived on the Earth
were specially designed to carry out photosynthesis. In other
words, plants were created with the ability to photosynthesize.
Bradshaw, Biological Science, A Molecular Approach,
D. C.Heath and Company, Toronto, p. 158 .
338 David Attenborough, Life on Earth,
Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey, 1981, p.
339 Prof. Dr. Ali Demirsoy, Kalitim
ve Evrim (Inheritance and Evolution), Meteksan Publications,
Ankara, p. 80.
340 Hoimar Von Ditfurth, Im Amfang War
Der Wasserstoff (Secret Night of the Dinosaurs), pp.