complex system in the ear is something that evolutionists
can never satisfactorily explain. When we look at the theories
evolutionists occasionally propose, we are met by a facile
and superficial logic. For example, the writer Veysel Atayman,
who translated the book Im Anfang War der Wasserstoff
(In the Beginning was Hydrogen), by the German biologist
Hoimar von Ditfurth, into Turkish, and who has come to be
regarded as an "evolution expert" by the Turkish media, sums
up his "scientific" theory on the origin of the ear and the
evidence for it in this way:
Our hearing organ, the
ear, emerged as a result of the evolution of the endoderm
and exoderm layers, which we call the skin. One proof of
this is that we feel low sounds in the skin of our stomachs!359
In other words, Atayman thinks that the ear evolved
from the ordinary skin in other parts of our bodies, and sees
our feeling low sounds in our skin as a proof of this.
Let us first take Atayman's "theory," and then
the "proof" he offers. We have just seen that the ear is a
complex structure made up of dozens of different parts. To
propose that this structure emerged with "the evolution of
layers of skin" is, in a word, to build castles in the air.
What mutation or natural selection effect could enable such
an evolution to happen? Which part of the ear formed first?
How could that part, the product of coincidence, have been
chosen by natural selection even though it had no function?
How did chance bring about all the sensitive mechanical balances
in the ear: the ear drum, the hammer, anvil and stirrup bones,
the muscles that control them, the inner ear, the cochlea,
the liquid in it, the tiny hairs, the movement-sensitive cells,
their nerve connections, etc.?
There is no answer to these
questions. In fact, to suggest that all this complex structure
is just "chance" is actually an attack on human intelligence.
However, in Michael Denton's words, to the Darwinist "the
idea is accepted without a ripple of doubt - the paradigm
Beyond the mechanisms of natural selection and
mutation, evolutionists really believe in a "magic wand" that
brings about the most complex designs by chance.
The "proof" that Atayman supplies for this imaginary
theory is even more interesting. He says, "Our feeling low
sounds in our skin is proof." What we call sound actually
consists of vibrations in the air. Since vibrations are a
physical effect, of course they can be perceived by our sense
of touch. For that reason it is quite normal that we should
be able to feel high and low sounds physically. Furthermore,
these sounds also affect bodies physically. The breaking of
glass in a room under high intensities of sound is one example
of this. The interesting thing is that the evolutionist writer
Atayman should think that these effects are a proof of the
evolution of the ear. The logic Atayman employs is the following:
"The ear perceives sound waves, our skin is affected by these
vibrations, therefore, the ear evolved from the skin." Following
Atayman's logic, one could also say, "The ear perceives sound
waves, glass is also affected by these, therefore the ear
evolved from glass." Once one has left the bounds of reason,
there is no "theory" that cannot be proposed.
Other scenarios that evolutionists
put forward regarding the origin of the ear are surprisingly
inconsistent. Evolutionists claim that all mammals, including
human beings, evolved from reptiles. But, as we saw earlier,
reptiles' ear structures are very different from those
of mammals. All mammals possess the middle ear structure
made up of the three bones that have just been described,
whereas there is only one bone in the middle ear of all reptiles.
In response to this, evolutionists claim that four separate
bones in the jaws of reptiles changed place by chance and
"migrated" to the middle ear, and that again by chance they
took on just the right shape to turn into the anvil and stirrup
bones. According to this imaginary scenario, the single bone
in reptiles' middle ears changed shape and turned into the
hammer bone, and the exceedingly sensitive equilibrium between
the three bones in the middle ear was established by chance.361
This fantastical claim, based on no scientific
discovery at all (it corresponds to nothing in the fossil
record), is exceedingly self-contradictory. The most important
point here is that such an imaginary change would leave a
creature deaf. Naturally, a living thing cannot continue hearing
if its jaw bones slowly start entering its inner ear. Such
a species would be at a disadvantage compared to other living
things and would be eliminated, according to what evolutionists
On the other hand, a living thing whose jaw bones
were moving towards its ear would end up with a defective
jaw. Such a creature's ability to chew would greatly decrease,
and even disappear totally. This, too, would disadvantage
the creature, and result in its elimination.
In short, the results which
emerge when one examines the structure of ears and their origins
clearly invalidate evolutionist assumptions. The Grolier
Encyclopedia, an evolutionist source, makes the admission
that "the origin of the ear is shrouded in uncertainty."362
Actually, anyone who studies the system in the ear with common
sense can easily see that it is the product of a conscious
Atayman, "Maddeci 'Madde', Evrimci Madde" (Materialist 'Matter',
Evolutionist Matter), Evrensel News Paper, 13 June 1999. (emphasis
360 Michael Denton, Evolution: A Theory
in Crisis, Burnett Books, London, 1985, p. 351.
361 Duane T. Gish, "The Mammal-like Reptiles,"
Impact, no. 102, December 1981.
362 "Ear / Evolution of the Ear" Grolier
Academic Encyclopedia,1986, p. 6. (emphasis added)